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#1

Posted 11 September 2018 - 11:09 AM

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Hi bros, 

 

I was researching about these Lithium-Iron Batteries (LiFePo4, LFP Batteries) and was pretty impressed by the benefits it has compared to what's available in the market now. I am quite new to owning a car and perhaps a bit too excited about trying new stuff for my car so would like to seek your knowledge and opinion on this.

 

What really caught my attention was the benefits of it (albeit the price, not sure how much but they say more ex than the normal batteries): 

  • No maintenance (like those sealed type)

  • Suitable for start/stop feature (haha this one I know not many people like!)

  • No explosion (they say very safe, won't catch fire)

  • No spillage

  • Non-toxic and no rare earth materials

  • Constant & stable discharge

  • Light-weight (this one really quite amazing, like only 6 to 9kg???!)

  • Longer cycle life

  • Battery management system (not sure what this is for)

I mean there must be a reason why the electric cars and buses are using this LFP batteries right? But I will definitely do more research first and would be great if you guys are able to share your thoughts!

TIA

https://medium.com/s...on-1d37a1998287
https://www.roadpro....m-battery-guide


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#2

Posted 11 September 2018 - 12:34 PM

Carbon82

jumpwarrior, first of all, I hope the intention of starting this thread is not for advertising purposes (as we noted that you have been posting questions on batteries in several thread), else we will close it.

 

OK, back to the topic. Have we not heard enough of fire caused by Li-ion batteries, ranging from mobile phones, laptops, PMDs to even cars... and what make you think that LiFe4Po4 maybe a much safer option?

 

If you do some read up (and there are also tons of video of experiment with Li-ion Bat), the ultimate root cause to Li-ion batteries fire is none other than the chemical property of Lithium Ion. It can heat up rapidly (explode and catch fire) once the temperature hit the threshold limit a.k.a. thermal run away temperature (range between ~45 to 61 deg C) - which maybe caused by over-charging / discharging, high heat, impact, or even traces of impurities embedded into the cell during manufacturing processes, etc. 

 

This is something that many scientist and R&D personnel have yet to overcome for the past few decades. Yes, it has many other advantages, such as light weight, compact (and can come in any form and shape), better holding power, etc. etc. But a relative high fire risk kill all benefits off.

 

One thing to note, while the fire risk is always there, the risk of having a small batteries, such as one in our mobile phone, tablet, laptop, etc. are relatively lower than that of a larger unit, such as one found in PMD and EV. Again, this is simply physic, smaller battery is able to decipitate heat better, and the scale of fire / explosion is limited to it size and energy storage capacity. For replacement of conventional Lead-acid battery (where it is to be housed in the engine bay where temperature is likely to be >50 deg C), thanks but no thanks.


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#3

Posted 11 September 2018 - 01:05 PM

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LiFePO4 is safer.

It does not get into thermal runaway mode (unlike Li-ion cobalt), so theoretically it does not explode or catch fire.

However, it's energy density is smaller than Li-ion cobalt.

 

I have one such jumpstarter using LiFePO4


Edited by Kb27, 11 September 2018 - 01:05 PM.

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#4

Posted 11 September 2018 - 01:41 PM

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Don't mind me asking but what is your so called "research"? is it reading off from the internet or real experimental stuff in a lab?

 

I think the full name is Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries. It's now the No1 ideal choice to power most PMD device. It's more popular cos it doesn't catch fire like those running on lead acid batteries.

 

Ironically its main advantage is also its disadvantage. If you look at what it's made of(as the name suggests) the material are of low electrical conductivity which explains its stability and also its slow discharge.

 

When it comes to batteries no matter how hyped up it's to make it sell there's always some trade off. IMO no need to kick up a big fuss over it and say until it's like some kinda god-send. It's isn't.


Edited by Watwheels, 11 September 2018 - 01:42 PM.

The chosen one will bring balance to the Force...I mean Singapore. Even star wars do not reserve "the chosen one" to a sith lord or a jedi or a wookie.

#5

Posted 11 September 2018 - 01:58 PM

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jumpwarrior, first of all, I hope the intention of starting this thread is not for advertising purposes (as we noted that you have been posting questions on batteries in several thread), else we will close it.

 

OK, back to the topic. Have we not heard enough of fire caused by Li-ion batteries, ranging from mobile phones, laptops, PMDs to even cars... and what make you think that LiFe4Po4 maybe a much safer option?

 

If you do some read up (and there are also tons of video of experiment with Li-ion Bat), the ultimate root cause to Li-ion batteries fire is none other than the chemical property of Lithium Ion. It can heat up rapidly (explode and catch fire) once the temperature hit the threshold limit a.k.a. thermal run away temperature (range between ~45 to 61 deg C) - which maybe caused by over-charging / discharging, high heat, impact, or even traces of impurities embedded into the cell during manufacturing processes, etc. 

 

This is something that many scientist and R&D personnel have yet to overcome for the past few decades. Yes, it has many other advantages, such as light weight, compact (and can come in any form and shape), better holding power, etc. etc. But a relative high fire risk kill all benefits off.

 

One thing to note, while the fire risk is always there, the risk of having a small batteries, such as one in our mobile phone, tablet, laptop, etc. are relatively lower than that of a larger unit, such as one found in PMD and EV. Again, this is simply physic, smaller battery is able to decipitate heat better, and the scale of fire / explosion is limited to it size and energy storage capacity. For replacement of conventional Lead-acid battery (where it is to be housed in the engine bay where temperature is likely to be >50 deg C), thanks but no thanks.

Hi Carbon82, thank you for your input!

Apologies if I may have come across as advertising - it wasn't my intention as I thought I could reach out to more users for their opinion on the different threads (as not all will look at this thread). Do let me know if this is against any guidelines.

 

Back to the topic on the LFP batteries: 

I believe that there are many different types of Li-ion batteries and LiFePO4 is just one of the many. The unfortunate incidents of mobile devices exploding is due to various reasons such as bad battery design (in the case of Samsung Note 7 - https://www.cnet.com...ressive-design/) and also to point out they are not specifically LiFePO4 batteries but Lithium Cobalt Oxide. With different chemical properties (Iron phosphate, Cobalt oxide, Manganese oxide, etc), it will provide different pros, cons and properties thus I don't think it's reasonable to lump them all into one group of Li-ion batteries. 

 

Regarding fires/ explosions, I have researched about LiFePO4 in particular, they do not catch fire/explode as the chemical properties are very stable such that the oxygen molecules have very strong covalent bonds and thus the oxygen molecules won't be released - and we all know oxygen is needed for an explosion (please correct me if I'm wrong). This also holds when it is under high temperatures.

Also, you can do a simple search on YouTube to see the various nail penetration tests (which batteries have to undergo) and most will combust but LiFePO4 batteries just give off an huge amount of gas/smoke (pretty sure that's not the safest but beats having something exploding!)

 

Is it possible to contest about the usage of LFP batteries regarding the risk of fire/explosions if EVs are using it? If I'm an EV manufacturer, I'll be super sure that I won't mess the battery up as that's practically the main power source of the entire vehicle. 

 

But apart for the supposed fire/explosion hazard, what are your thoughts on the charging/discharging and life cycle of the LiFePO4 batteries? 

 

I may be a bit biased cos I see the monetary benefits of it in the long run but of course I might be wrong in other aspects and thus welcome all comments and opinions. 

 

Thanks bro



#6

Posted 11 September 2018 - 02:12 PM

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LiFePO4 is safer.

It does not get into thermal runaway mode (unlike Li-ion cobalt), so theoretically it does not explode or catch fire.

However, it's energy density is smaller than Li-ion cobalt.

 

I have one such jumpstarter using LiFePO4

Hi kb27, would like to ask where did you get it from? Maybe they will sell for car battery too. 

 

Regarding energy density, it would be a trade-off isn't it? Either have something which theoretically can catch on fire (Li Cobalt) or have less capacity (LiFePO4). But for car battery I think it's more reasonable to compare with AGM? Cos that's the next best alternative right?

 

Would you consider getting LiFePO4 for your car since you have experience with it before? Even though for your jumpstarter instead.



#7

Posted 11 September 2018 - 02:19 PM

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Hi kb27, would like to ask where did you get it from? Maybe they will sell for car battery too. 

 

Regarding energy density, it would be a trade-off isn't it? Either have something which theoretically can catch on fire (Li Cobalt) or have less capacity (LiFePO4). But for car battery I think it's more reasonable to compare with AGM? Cos that's the next best alternative right?

 

Would you consider getting LiFePO4 for your car since you have experience with it before? Even though for your jumpstarter instead.

 

Bought this from Amazon last time, but now they don't ship to Sg.

You may try other places or ebay

https://www.amazon.c...r/dp/B00LQW3COW



#8

Posted 11 September 2018 - 02:36 PM

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Don't mind me asking but what is your so called "research"? is it reading off from the internet or real experimental stuff in a lab?

 

I think the full name is Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries. It's now the No1 ideal choice to power most PMD device. It's more popular cos it doesn't catch fire like those running on lead acid batteries.

 

Ironically its main advantage is also its disadvantage. If you look at what it's made of(as the name suggests) the material are of low electrical conductivity which explains its stability and also its slow discharge.

 

When it comes to batteries no matter how hyped up it's to make it sell there's always some trade off. IMO no need to kick up a big fuss over it and say until it's like some kinda god-send. It's isn't.

 Hi Watwheels, actually paiseh you're right, just reading off the internet. But they are various research papers and lectures by college professors, so I don't think it's all that unreliable.

 

I agree that there's always some sort of trade off as with everything else.

I understand that there are its own cons as well - high price, low discharge rate, etc but I would like to know what others think about this LiFePO4 batteries. Hypothetically, would you give it a try? 



#9

Posted 11 September 2018 - 03:09 PM

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 Hi Watwheels, actually paiseh you're right, just reading off the internet. But they are various research papers and lectures by college professors, so I don't think it's all that unreliable.

 

I agree that there's always some sort of trade off as with everything else.

I understand that there are its own cons as well - high price, low discharge rate, etc but I would like to know what others think about this LiFePO4 batteries. Hypothetically, would you give it a try? 

 

I would say most ppl dont really care what battery they have in their devices. Its the features, functions, designs, shapes, sizes and prices that make a consumer buy that device and not really what type of battery it has, even if ppl care about the battery it would be its capacity and not its type. It would be more appropriate to ask the manufacturer if they would choose this battery over the others.


Edited by Xers007, 11 September 2018 - 03:10 PM.

back to the same old days ...

#10

Posted 11 September 2018 - 03:10 PM

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Is this like the gel type of batteries used in some of the conti cars that could last for 3 years? 


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#11

Posted 11 September 2018 - 03:50 PM

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I would say most ppl dont really care what battery they have in their devices. Its the features, functions, designs, shapes, sizes and prices that make a consumer buy that device and not really what type of battery it has, even if ppl care about the battery it would be its capacity and not its type. It would be more appropriate to ask the manufacturer if they would choose this battery over the others.

 

Hi Xers007! I agree that there are some things about the car batteries people will care more about, especially features, capacity and price. Design not so much I feel, since it will be hidden away anyway right? But weight would play a part since it affects fuel consumption and performance - the Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries (LFP) only weighs about 8kg for 70Ah, so I thought that was pretty impressive. 

 

Regarding capacity, it really depends on what your needs are (many ICE?) then to decide how many Ah to get and in turn it affects the price. But I would think it's better to get a higher capacity battery to help the alternator whenever necessary. Those alternator are more ex to replace compared to batteries!

 

I think it's also appropriate to ask car owners if they would choose LiFePO4 batteries too as the usual batteries we have in our car only lasts like 18 to 24 months. Definitely will need replacement and if go back to manufacturer to change, it's going to be so ex and doubt it will last long anyway. Might as well find a better, economical alternative isn't it? 

 

My purpose here is to find more information about LiFePO4 batteries cos true la, cannot just everything get off the internet, not accurate right? So I thought perhaps maybe someone with experience with LiFePO4 batteries can share more insights. 



#12

Posted 11 September 2018 - 03:59 PM

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Is this like the gel type of batteries used in some of the conti cars that could last for 3 years? 

No leh bro, this one is a different type, using Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4). More like those EV, PMD use type. 

 

I think the gel one you referring to is something more similar to AGM batteries, but not as good as AGM. But yes, these one the conti car use, not too sure if it can really last 3 years la haha 

The gel ones still use lead-acid just like the normal ones in our cars. But cos it's gel, don't need to keep upright, won't spill. 



#13

Posted 11 September 2018 - 06:47 PM

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Hi. I am using LiFe for my r/c applications but only in low discharge applications. The running of my r/c models are still using LiPo batteries with high discharge rates, 60C.

For high discharge rates, i dont think LiFe is suitable. So i think that is why it is not used in real cars. They are unable to hold its voltage under high loads.

My LiFe batteries used in transmitter and receiver applications.

20180911_184157.jpg

#14

Posted 11 September 2018 - 06:55 PM

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TS, you just bought a car and now thinking of swapping the car battery for some fancy stuff?

 

Car battery is mainly only to start engine. No point spending your brain cells thinking about this. Most people just want a value-for-money reliable lead-acid battery that last as long as possible to have less downtime and less expenditure.

 

Focus on more fun things like:

 

- Chip up engine

- better engine oil

- K&N air filter

- suspension upgrades

- change tyres to sportier ones

- change to forged rims

- car coating

- car camera(s)

etc etc

 

 

 


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#15

Posted 12 September 2018 - 09:13 AM

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TS, you just bought a car and now thinking of swapping the car battery for some fancy stuff?

 

Car battery is mainly only to start engine. No point spending your brain cells thinking about this. Most people just want a value-for-money reliable lead-acid battery that last as long as possible to have less downtime and less expenditure.

 

Focus on more fun things like:

 

- Chip up engine

- better engine oil

- K&N air filter

- suspension upgrades

- change tyres to sportier ones

- change to forged rims

- car coating

- car camera(s)

etc etc

 

HE may think that this battery discussion is fun and intriguing. Who are we to judge?
 


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iPhone or iMia?

#16

Posted 12 September 2018 - 12:57 PM

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http://voltphreaks.c...chnologylfp.php
USD960.

#17

Posted 12 September 2018 - 01:23 PM

Carbon82

In my course of work, I rely heavily on Safety Data Sheet (SDS), for determining if a particular material is safe or not.

 

Safety Data Sheet - LiFePO4

 

Do take note of section 5 (Fire-fighting measures), and 7 (Handling and storage).


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#18

Posted 12 September 2018 - 02:05 PM

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In my line, I  often have to ask for and look at section 4 (First Aid) and 11 (Toxicology) when the shit hits the fan. :D

 

In my course of work, I rely heavily on Safety Data Sheet (SDS), for determining if a particular material is safe or not.

 

Safety Data Sheet - LiFePO4

 

Do take note of section 5 (Fire-fighting measures), and 7 (Handling and storage).

 


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#19

Posted 12 September 2018 - 05:23 PM

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Vratenza Carbon82

 

Come on guys, let's be realistic here. All batteries pose some sort of fire hazard, handling and storage limitations and toxicity. It's about which is LESS likely to catch on fire/ IF it catches on fire, which causes LESS harm or damage/ to what EXTENT of toxicity it is IF you EVER ingest it. 

Regarding handling and storage, that's what the Battery Management System is for for the LiFePO4 - this helps to prevent overcharging, abnormal discharge, etc. 

 

Since you heavily rely on SDS, here are some lead-acid/ AGM battery SDS which are readily available online. 

As you can see, lead-acid/ AGM batteries also have its limitations and same fire hazard, handling/storage limitations and toxicity. But which poses MORE severe damages when shit hits the fan, you be the judge. 

 

LEAD ACID BATTERIES:

https://www.batterie...ad-wet-acid.pdf

http://www.eastpennm...t-Batteries.pdf

 

AGM BATTERIES:

http://usbattery.com...AGM-Battery.pdf

https://www.rollsbat...AGM_Battery.pdf



#20

Posted 12 September 2018 - 05:33 PM

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TS, you just bought a car and now thinking of swapping the car battery for some fancy stuff?

 

Car battery is mainly only to start engine. No point spending your brain cells thinking about this. Most people just want a value-for-money reliable lead-acid battery that last as long as possible to have less downtime and less expenditure.

 

Focus on more fun things like:

 

- Chip up engine

- better engine oil

- K&N air filter

- suspension upgrades

- change tyres to sportier ones

- change to forged rims

- car coating

- car camera(s)

etc etc

Thanks for the suggestions man, I'll definitely consider those - especially those which will perhaps help lower any cost in the long run. Battery is just something I'm interested in cos I have heard of stories that people drive 2 years plus then their batteries die on them unexpectedly. Also read about how people kenna carrot by buying some lousy batteries, damn ex but also last them a few months only. And just thinking about having to worry every 2 to 3 (if lucky) years when to change my batteries and what if I forget, then i kenna stranded somewhere ulu or what it's damn troublesome. 

 

That's why I am looking for alternatives. If up front cost a bit higher but helps me with other things in the long run (eg. life cycle, safety, start/stop compatibility, etc etc) then might as well right? I know most people are more cautious and hesitant about having to fork out a larger amount up front, but a bit short-sighted don't you think? I'm sure you heard the saying "good things no cheap, cheap things no good" - does not apply to all but definitely majority but of cos must do research la, that's why I'm seeking opinions here. 




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