In the mid 1990s, Honda released the DC2 Integra Type R. The JDM model had rectangular headlights and the worldwide model came with circular headlights. The car was fitted with the legendary 1.8-litre B18C engine which was capable of delivering almost 200bhp and this enabled the car to complete the century sprint in 6.7 seconds.
Although the car was slightly heavier than the DC2, it is faster due to the extra horsepower and torque. Some car enthusiasts consider the DC5 Integra Type R to be the best among the Type R cars.
Let's move on to the Civic models.
The EK9 Type R was fitted with the 1.6-litre B16B which boasted one of the highest power output per litre of all time for an NA engine at 185bhp. The EK9 had a seam welded monocoque chassis which improved the car's chassis rigidity. Like other Type R models, the car was fitted with goodies such as Recaro seats, sports pedals and a Momo steering wheel.
The car received either the K20A engine (JDM model) or the K20A2 (European model). The JDM model was slightly more powerful in terms of horsepower and obviously it was faster in the century sprint. The JDM model also received a more track-orientated chassis and the championship white body colour was exclusive for JDM models only.
The next Civic Type R came in two variants; the European market FN2R and the JDM FD2R.
Although the FN2 Civic Type R was made exclusively for the European market, the model was also available in many right hand drive countries including Japan.
The FD2R received a more sophisticated independent rear suspension compared to the FD2R's torsion beam axle. The FD2R was seen as a more popular choice than the European model as the body was more rigid, had better steering feedback and a more balance chassis.
The Honda Type R family tree is set to grow even more as the company has mentioned that the next generation Civic Type R will be released in the year 2015. It may be a different machine as it will be turbocharged but at least the Type R name will not end up as a piece of automotive history.