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#1

Posted 09 May 2019 - 07:33 PM

BabyBlade
SINGAPORE: A case of imported monkeypox infection has been confirmed in Singapore.

The patient is a 38-year-old Nigerian who arrived on Apr 28 and tested positive for the virus on May 8, said the Ministry of Health (MOH) in a media release on Thursday (May 9).

He is in stable condition in an isolation ward at the National Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCID), the ministry added.

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans from animals mainly in central and western Africa. This happens when a person comes in close contact with infected animals such as rodents.

Human-to-human transmission can happen from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids.

Symptoms of monkeypox include fever, aches, swollen lymph nodes and skin rash. It can cause serious complications such as pneumonia or even death in some cases.

"The patient reported that prior to his arrival in Singapore, he had attended a wedding in Nigeria, where he may have consumed bush meat, which could be a source of transmission of monkeypox virus," said MOH.

The man had been staying at 21 Lorong 8 Geylang, the address of Hotel 81 Orchid, before he was hospitalised. He had also attended a workshop at 3 Church Street on Apr 29 and Apr 30.

On Apr 30, he developed fever, muscle ache, chills and skin rash, said MOH, adding that the man said he remained in his hotel room most of the time between May 1 and 7.

He was taken to Tan Tock Seng Hospital by ambulance on May 7, and was referred to NCID that same day.

CONTACT TRACING

MOH said it conducted contact tracing and identified 23 people who came into close contact with the patient.

They include 18 people who attended the same workshop, one staff member of the workshop venue and four hotel employees.

"Close contacts of the patient have been assessed by NCID and offered vaccination, which can prevent the disease or reduce the severity of symptoms," said MOH.

"As a precautionary measure, they will be quarantined and monitored for 21 days from their date of exposure to the patient."

The risk of monkeypox spreading within the community in Singapore is low, said executive director of NCID Professor Leo Yee Sin.

"There is no evidence to date that human-to-human transmission alone can sustain monkeypox infections in the human population," Prof Leo said.

"On average, each infected person transmits the infection to less than one other person. This is much less infectious than the common flu. The chain of transmission can also be broken through contact tracing and quarantine of close contacts.”

MOH added that the disease is usually self-limiting, with most patients recovering within two to three weeks.

monkeypox-cover-310px.jpg

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  • monkeypox-uk-virus-symptoms-1015847.jpg

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#2

Posted 09 May 2019 - 07:53 PM

BabyBlade
In other news.... Sometimes, if people die from eating raw meat eg that of rodent's etc, you can't help but wonder if its natural selection. But please, don't end up causing an epidemic taking away the lives of the innocent.




Last week, a Mongolian couple died from the disease after eating the raw kidney of a marmot in Bayan-Ölgii province, which borders China and Russia. According to BBC News, the incident sparked a six-day quarantine in the region the couple was visiting before they died.

The couple reportedly decided to eat the animal’s raw organs, including its kidney, gallbladder and stomach, because of the local (and ironic) belief that eating marmots can have health benefits. Eating raw meat of any kind, can be dangerous, however, since it can harbor dangerous bacteria.

In this case, it seems the marmot had the plague—a potentially deadly disease caused by bacteria often found in animals and fleas. According to the CDC, the plague can be spread through flea bites, infectious droplets (such as saliva from a cough), and contact with contaminated fluid or tissue—like eating infected organs.

As a result of their dinner choice, the surrounding village was quarantined. Health officials worried that the couple may have spread pneumonic plague, a form of the disease that’s highly contagious and spread through airborne droplets. More than 100 people who’d come in contact with the couple since they were infected were isolated and given preventative antibiotics. News of the quarantine reportedly kept many locals off the streets, in fear of contracting the deadly bacteria.

According to the Washington Post, the couple reportedly died of organ failure caused by septicemic plague, which occurs when the plague bacteria enters the bloodstream. Unlike the bubonic plague, which is usually caused by a flea bite and can take up to six days to show symptoms, septicemic plague can cause the body to go into shock and organ failure shortly after transmission. Symptoms include fever, lightheadedness and abdominal pain.

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#3

Posted 09 May 2019 - 11:35 PM

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Those who frequent Geylang for their good food, better go for checkup.


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#4

Posted 09 May 2019 - 11:57 PM

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Those who frequent Geylang for their good food, better go for checkup.

What you really meant was those who get up to monkey business should get tested for monkey pox, right? 🐵

#5

Posted 10 May 2019 - 12:28 PM

Carbon82

For those who are curious like me... Info taken from WHO website.

 

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that occurs primarily in the rainforest areas of Central and West Africa. It is transmitted to people mainly from infected animals, including squirrels, rats, mice and primates. The monkeypox virus is not highly infectious between humans, with limited secondary transmission. 
 
The symptoms of monkeypox which include fever, headache, lymphadenopathy (swelling of the lymph nodes), back pain, muscle aches and fatigue, followed by rash and skin lesions, can usually be treated with supportive care at a health facility. Typically, case fatality in monkey pox outbreaks has been between 1% and 10%, with most deaths occurring in younger age groups.
 
59726499_10156985981225631_4255524605571
 

Monkeypox is caused by a member of the genus Orthopoxvirus, first identified as the cause of disease in captive cynomolgus monkeys in 1959. Twelve years later, the virus was identified as the cause of smallpox-like disease in humans. Although monkeypox virus (MPXV) can infect a wide variety of animal species when experimentally introduced, it is currently unknown which species are directly involved in its natural transmission cycle and whether >1 species are responsible for MPXV perpetuation in nature. Multiple events of human-to-human transmission have been reported, but sustained MPXV infection cycles among humans have not been documented. Likos et al. investigated phylogenetic relationships between MPXV isolates by examining 5 whole-genome sequences. That analysis confirmed the existence of 2 distinct groups suggested by previous studies: the first group contained isolates from the Congo Basin (Congo Basin clade), and the second group included isolates from countries in western Africa. Differences in epidemiologic and clinical features between MPXV isolates (e.g., higher rates of illness and death of the Congo Basin clade) support the differentiation between these 2 clades.

 
In 2005, an outbreak of monkeypox among humans was reported from Unity State, Sudan (now South Sudan); 19 cases were identified. Monkeypox cases among humans derived from contact with native animals have been reported in central and western Africa only; thus, this outbreak in Sudan could represent, if zoonotic transmission is confirmed, endemic transmission of monkeypox outside the recognized geographic range of the disease. Preliminary genetic and serologic analyses and epidemiologic investigations of the 2005 outbreak in Sudan showed ecological and genetic differences between the causative agent of this outbreak and of those that caused central and western African monkeypox outbreaks, and suggested that it could potentially be a novel virus. However, evidence indicating that the outbreak resulted from local virus transmission from wildlife to humans has not been presented.

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#6

Posted 11 May 2019 - 09:38 AM

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shit. I cant unseen what I've seen. I am Trypophobic. ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss


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#7

Posted 11 May 2019 - 10:10 AM

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For those who are curious like me... Info taken from WHO website.

 

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that occurs primarily in the rainforest areas of Central and West Africa. It is transmitted to people mainly from infected animals, including squirrels, rats, mice and primates. The monkeypox virus is not highly infectious between humans, with limited secondary transmission. 
 
The symptoms of monkeypox which include fever, headache, lymphadenopathy (swelling of the lymph nodes), back pain, muscle aches and fatigue, followed by rash and skin lesions, can usually be treated with supportive care at a health facility. Typically, case fatality in monkey pox outbreaks has been between 1% and 10%, with most deaths occurring in younger age groups.
 
59726499_10156985981225631_4255524605571
 

Monkeypox is caused by a member of the genus Orthopoxvirus, first identified as the cause of disease in captive cynomolgus monkeys in 1959. Twelve years later, the virus was identified as the cause of smallpox-like disease in humans. Although monkeypox virus (MPXV) can infect a wide variety of animal species when experimentally introduced, it is currently unknown which species are directly involved in its natural transmission cycle and whether >1 species are responsible for MPXV perpetuation in nature. Multiple events of human-to-human transmission have been reported, but sustained MPXV infection cycles among humans have not been documented. Likos et al. investigated phylogenetic relationships between MPXV isolates by examining 5 whole-genome sequences. That analysis confirmed the existence of 2 distinct groups suggested by previous studies: the first group contained isolates from the Congo Basin (Congo Basin clade), and the second group included isolates from countries in western Africa. Differences in epidemiologic and clinical features between MPXV isolates (e.g., higher rates of illness and death of the Congo Basin clade) support the differentiation between these 2 clades.

 
In 2005, an outbreak of monkeypox among humans was reported from Unity State, Sudan (now South Sudan); 19 cases were identified. Monkeypox cases among humans derived from contact with native animals have been reported in central and western Africa only; thus, this outbreak in Sudan could represent, if zoonotic transmission is confirmed, endemic transmission of monkeypox outside the recognized geographic range of the disease. Preliminary genetic and serologic analyses and epidemiologic investigations of the 2005 outbreak in Sudan showed ecological and genetic differences between the causative agent of this outbreak and of those that caused central and western African monkeypox outbreaks, and suggested that it could potentially be a novel virus. However, evidence indicating that the outbreak resulted from local virus transmission from wildlife to humans has not been presented.

 

 

I supposed wild boar meat like those you get in JB is included ?



#8

Posted 11 May 2019 - 10:15 AM

Carbon82

I supposed wild boar meat like those you get in JB is included ?

 

Wild boar is carrier for Swine Influenza (aka Swine Flu).

 

Carrier for Monkeypox limited (as known so far) to Monkey, small animal and rodents. BTW, infected and carrier are 2 different thing.


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#9

Posted 11 May 2019 - 12:24 PM

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Weird eating habits by human is the root cause to all these never heard before diseases. Remembered SARS was a virus from Civet cats and some species of dog. Better don't eat anything raw or from non traditional source.

#10

Posted 11 May 2019 - 12:31 PM

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Monkeypox case in Singapore: Guests unfazed at Hotel 81 where patient stayed

 

 

Read more at https://www.channeln...-usual-11522446

 

 

 

 

Risk of monkeypox spreading in S'pore is low, say experts

 

https://www.straitst...low-say-experts


focus

#11

Posted 16 May 2019 - 09:38 AM

Carbon82
 
hotel-81-orchid-lor-8-geylang.jpg
 
SINGAPORE: The hotel room where Singapore’s first monkeypox patient was staying at has been disinfected, a spokesman for Hotel 81 Orchid said in a statement on Wednesday (May 15).
 
The patient, a 38-year-old Nigerian national, was staying at the hotel before he was hospitalised. He is suspected to have contracted the rare virus from eating bush meat in Nigeria.
 
The spokesman for the hotel said the Ministry of Health (MOH) had informed them on May 9 that one of their customers had been diagnosed with monkeypox.
 
"While MOH has indicated that the possibility of transmission is low, as a precaution, we immediately closed off the level completely where the said guest’s room is located," the spokesman added.
 
"We have worked with MOH and the National Environment Agency (NEA) to disinfect the hotel room where the patient had stayed."
 
Four staff members who were identified as having made close contact with the patient are also under quarantine. The spokesman said the hotel “will continue to work in full cooperation" with authorities.
 
 
 
national-centre-for-infectious-diseases-
 
SINGAPORE: Five Singapore residents are among the people quarantined after coming into close contact with Singapore's first monkeypox patient, said the Ministry of Health in an update on Tuesday (May 14).
 
"Based on MOH’s investigation and contact tracing thus far, 23 persons have been identified as close contacts of the patient, of whom five are Singapore residents," the ministry said in response to CNA's queries.
 
"The rest are from Britain, India, Ireland, Malaysia, Nigeria and Vietnam, most of whom were at the workshop that the patient had attended."
 
As of Monday evening, all of them showed no symptoms, it added.
 
Monkeypox can be spread though close contact with the blood, bodily fluids or lesions of infected animals such as rodents and monkeys. The virus can also be contracted by eating meat of such animals that was improperly cooked. 
 
Human-to-human transmission is possible through close contact with an infected person or with objects recently contaminated by their bodily fluids.
 
Symptoms include lesions, fever, muscle ache, swollen lymph nodes and chills.
 
monkeypox-infographic.png

 


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