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7 in 10 NSmen in their 30s fail annual IPPT

22 July 2014 - 06:49 PM

Wah. If I pass means I'm outstanding sibo?





7 in 10 NSmen in their 30s fail annual IPPT: Training expert
Operationally Ready National Servicemen taking the Individual Physical Proficiency Test. Photo: MINDEF
Published: 8:50 PM, July 21, 2014

SINGAPORE — Seven in 10 National Servicemen in their 30s fail their annual Individual Physical Proficiency Test (IPPT), and this failure rate rises as the NSmen age. This is based on the experience of a former head of physical training in the army, Mr Edwin Ong, who spoke to Channel NewsAsia following the news that the IPPT will be made simpler.

It is unclear what changes will be announced, and when they will be announced. Currently, said Mr Ong, IPPT problem areas for NSmen are chin-ups, the standing broad jump, and the 2.4km stations.


There are specific reasons the current IPPT stations are part of a serviceman’s training regime. The 2.4km run, for example, tests one’s cardiovascular fitness, said Mr Ong. “It tests how fit you are in terms of stamina, because your heart really needs to cope with the stress — and so it is a very good gauge of your overall fitness level.” This station is reportedly a problem for around seven in 10 servicemen.

The shuttle run is a station where the aim is to sprint a total of 40m in two loops, bending and touching the ground (or picking up a block) at each turning point. “The reason is we’re simulating a fire movement,” said Mr Ong, ex-Head of Physical Training, School of Physical Training. “So when you get into a position of cover, you need to really place one hand in front and get yourself down, and prone yourself down to get yourself in a firing position.”

Sit-ups, meanwhile, focus on another aspect. “It is important for NSmen because when we put on our uniform and our SBO (Skeletal Battle Order) or now the load-bearing vest, this will help us keep everything in hold,” said Mr Ong.

As for chin-ups, National Serviceman Mohd Azfar feels they are still relevant because “when you have to do FIBUA (fighting in built-up areas) exercises, you will have to scale walls, which requires upper body strength. So I feel there’s no need to tweak this station, as it is very relevant”.

One of the toughest stations is the standing broad jump station — fitness experts say about six in 10 NSmen have problems passing this station. “There are a lot of people who can’t really jump,” said Mr Ong. “One is that they do not have the strength and the power, and the second issue is their jumping technique.”

Indeed, while it takes only about an hour to go through all the current stations, it takes about six weeks to get ready for the IPPT as it stands now. CHANNEL NEWSASIA


Educational Gifs Will Teach You More Than A Textbook Can

29 April 2014 - 10:46 AM

This is how an energy-absorbing slinky falls when dropped



This is how the internal mechanism of a lock works



Beans’ tendrils slowly rotate to find solid supports to climb



This clip illustrates how small the earth would be compared to NML Cygni, the largest known star



This is what an egg looks like underwater without its shell



Here’s what happens when you dump a pot of boiling water into -41C air



This is how a ladybug unsheathes its wings and lifts off



This is how military helmet camouflage is applied



Dogs cup their tongues like this to lap up water



A cheetah uses its tail to counter torsion and keep balance as it chases its prey



The chrysopelea, or flying snake, can glide as many as 100 meters through the air



The sun never sets during an arctic summer – here’s what a “day” looks like



These boxes demonstrate why the Pythagorean Theorem is true



One theory claims that the Easter Island statues were “walked” to their places



This gif shows the development of the human face in the womb



Here’s how chains are assembled



This gif demonstrates why snake venom is deadly



How to remove your computer monitor’s polarizing filter



Sulfur hexaflouride, a gas much denser than air, is poured into a boat that is floating on it



Some octopuses have uncanny and amazing camouflage skills



source : http://www.eyeopenin...ch-textbook-can

Dumb Starbucks

28 February 2014 - 09:19 AM

Store Owner Pulls Off The Most Epic Stunt Ever...
  • ae111fbbb8748cdda42e6e85fe43aafc92b3dcd5



Like this also can???


Sounds to me like saying their coffee is art is a loose argument that they are bound to lose should the real starbucks come kicking down their door.



8 Ridiculous Myths About Eating Meat

28 February 2014 - 09:05 AM

8 Ridiculous Myths About Eating Meat


There is a lot of nonsense in nutrition.


One of the worst examples is the constant propaganda against meat consumption.

Here are 8 ridiculous myths about meat consumption and health.


1. Meat Rots in Your Colon


Some people claim that meat doesn’t get digested properly and “rots” in your colon.

This is absolute nonsense, probably invented by dishonest vegans in order to scare people away from eating meat.

What happens when we eat meat, is that it gets broken down by stomach acid and digestive enzymes. In the small intestine, the proteins are broken down into amino acids and the fats are broken down into fatty acids.

After that, they get absorbed over the digestive wall and into the bloodstream. There’s nothing left to “rot” in your colon.If you want to know what really “rots” in your colon, it’s indigestible plant matter (fiber)… from vegetables, fruits, grains and legumes.

The human digestive system doesn’t have the enzymes necessary to break downfiber, which is why it travels all the way to the colon. There, it gets fermented (rots) by the friendly bacteria in the intestine, which turn it into nutrients and beneficial compounds like the short-chain fatty acid butyrate (1).


This is what keeps the friendly bacteria alive and many studies are showing that feeding these bacteria properly is incredibly important for optimal health (23). So, meat doesn’t rot in the colon. Plants do… and this is actually a good thing.


Bottom Line: The nutrients in meat are broken down and absorbed way before they reach the colon. However, fiber from plants does ferment (“rot”) in the colon, which is actually a good thing as it feeds the friendly bacteria.


2. Meat Is High in Harmful Saturated Fat and Cholesterol


One of the main arguments against meat, is that it tends to be high in both saturated fat and cholesterol. But this really isn’t a cause for concern, because new science has shown both of them to be harmless.


Despite being seen as something to be feared, cholesterol is actually a vital molecule in the body. It is found in every cell membrane and used to make hormones. The liver produces large amounts of it to make sure we always have enough.


When we get a lot of cholesterol from the diet, the liver just produces less of it instead, so the total amount doesn’t change much (45). In fact, in about 70% of people, cholesterol in the diet has negligible effects on cholesterol in the blood (6).


In the other 30% (termed hyper-responders), there is a mild elevation in LDL cholesterol, but HDL (which is protective) also goes up (78). The same is true with saturated fat, it also raises HDL (the “good”) cholesterol (9,10).


But even when saturated fat and/or cholesterol cause mild increases in LDL, this is not a problem because they change the LDL particles from small, dense LDL (very bad) to Large LDL, which is protective (1112). Studies show that people who have mostly large LDL particles have a much lower risk of heart disease (1314).


Therefore, it is not surprising to see that in population studies that include hundreds of thousands of people, saturated fat and cholesterol are not associated with an increased risk of heart disease (1516). In fact, some studies show that saturated fat is linked to a reduced risk of stroke, another very common cause of death and disability (17).

When they put this to the test in actual human experiments, making people cut saturated fat and replacing it with “heart healthy” vegetable oils (which happen to lower cholesterol), it actually increases the risk of death (18).


Bottom Line: It is true that meat tends to be high in saturated fat and cholesterol, but this is not a cause for concern because they do not have adverse effects on blood cholesterol or increase the risk of heart disease.


3. Meat Causes Heart Disease and Type 2 Diabetes


Strangely enough, meat is often blamed for Western diseases like heart disease and type 2 Diabetes. Heart disease didn’t become a problem until the early 20th century and type 2 diabetes only a few decades ago.


These diseases are new… but meat is an old food. Humans and pre-humans have been eating meat for millions of years (19). Blaming an old food for new health problems makes absolutely no sense.


Fortunately, we do have two very large, very thorough studies that can put our minds at ease.


In a massive study published in the year 2010, researchers pooled data from 20 studies that included a total of 1,218,380 individuals. They found no link between consumption of unprocessed red meat and heart disease or diabetes (20).


Another major study from Europe that included 448,568 individuals found no link between unprocessed red meat and these diseases (21).


However, both of these studies found a strong increase in risk for people who ateprocessed meat. For this reason, it is very important to make a distinction between the different types of meat. Many studies apparently showing that “red meat” is harmful didn’t adequately make the distinction between processed and unprocessed meat.


Processed foods in general are pretty awful… this isn’t just true of meat.


Bottom Line: Many massive studies have examined the relationship between meat consumption, heart disease and diabetes. They found a strong link for processed meat, but no effect for unprocessed red meat.


4. Red Meat Causes Cancer


One common belief is that meat, especially red meat, causes cancer. This is where things get a bit more complicated.

It is true that processed meat is associated with an increased risk of cancer, especially colon cancer (22). But when it comes to unprocessed red meat, things aren’t as clear.


Although several studies suggest that even unprocessed red meat can raise the risk of cancer, review studies that pool the data from many studies at a time show a different picture. Two review studies, one that looked at data from 35 studies and the other from 25 studies, found that the effect for unprocessed red meat was very weak for men and nonexistent for women (2324).


However… it does appear that the way meat is cooked can have a major effect on its health effects. Several studies show that when meat is overcooked, it can form compounds likeHeterocyclic Amines and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, which have been shown to cause cancer in test animals (25).


There are several ways to prevent this from happening… such as choosing gentler cooking methods and always cutting away burned or charred pieces. So the answer is not to avoid red meat, but to make sure not to burn it.

Keep in mind that overheating can cause harmful compounds to form in many other foods. This is NOT exclusive to meat (26).


Bottom Line: The link between unprocessed red meat and cancer is very weak in men and nonexistent in women. This may depend on the way meat is cooked, because overheating can form carcinogens.


5. Humans Are Naturally Herbivores and Not “Designed” For Meat Consumption


Some vegans claim that humans aren’t “designed” to eat meat. They say that humans are naturally herbivores like our primate ancestors.


However… this is completely false. Humans and pre-humans have been eating meat for a very long time and our bodies are well adapted to meat consumption (2728). Our digestive systems really don’t resemble those of herbivores at all.

We have short colons, long small intestines and lots of hydrochloric acid in the stomach to help break down animal protein (29). The length of different parts of our digestive system is somewhere in between the lengths typical for both carnivores and herbivores, indicating that humans are “designed” to be omnivores (30).


It is also believed that our consumption of animal foods helped drive the evolution of our large brains, which set us apart from any other animal on earth (31). Humans function best eating both animals and plants. Period.


Bottom Line: Humans are well equipped to make full use of the nutrients found in meat. Our digestive system reflects a genetic adaptation to an omnivorous diet, with animal foods as a major source of calories.


6. Meat is Bad For Your Bones


Many people seem to believe that protein is bad for the bones and can lead to osteoporosis.


The theory goes like this… we eat protein, which increases the acid load of the body, then the body moves calcium from the bones and into the bloodstream to neutralize the acid.


There are in fact some short-term studies to support this. Increasing protein does lead to increased calcium loss from the body (32). However, this short term effect does not appear to persist because the long-term studies show that protein actually has beneficial effects on bone health (33).


There is overwhelming evidence that a high protein diet is linked to improved bone density and a lower risk of osteoporosis and fractures in old age (343536). This is a great example of where blindly following the conventional wisdom in nutrition will lead to the exact opposite result.


7. Meat is Unnecessary


It is often claimed that meat is unnecessary for health. This is actually kind of true… most of the nutrients in it can be found in other animal foods.


But just because we can survive without it, it doesn’t mean that we should… quality meat hasmany nutrients that are good for us. This includes quality protein, vitamin B12, creatine, carnosine and various important fat-soluble vitamins, which vegans and vegetarians are often lacking in.


Whole foods like meat contain way more than just the standard vitamins and minerals that we’re all familiar with it. There are literally thousands of trace nutrients in there… some of which science has yet to identify. The fact is, humans evolved eating meat and evolution designed our bodies with these nutrients in mind. They are an essential part of the immensely complex biological puzzle.


Can we live without meat? Sure… but we won’t reach optimal health, making use of all the beneficial nutrients that nature has provided us with. Although we can survive without meat, the same could be said of most other food groups… including vegetables, fruits, legumes, fish, eggs, etc. We just eat more of something else instead.


Quality meat is pretty close to being the perfect food for humans. It contains most of the nutrients we need. There is even a study in the literature where two guys ate nothing but meat and organs for a year and remained in excellent health (37).


Of course, not all meat is the same. The best meat comes from animals raised on pasture, fed the types of foods they would eat in nature. Unprocessed meat from properly raised, properly fed animals (like grass-fed beef) has a much better nutrient profile (3839).


8. Meat Makes You Fat


Meat is often believed to be fattening. This seems to make sense on the surface because most meat is pretty high in fat and calories.


However, meat also happens to be one of the best sources of highly bioavailable protein. Protein is the most weight loss friendly macronutrient, by far. Studies show that a high protein diet can boost metabolism by up to 80 to 100 calories per day (4041).


There are also studies showing that if you increase your protein intake, you automatically start eating less of other foods instead (42). Several studies have found that by increasing the amount of protein in the diet, people automatically cut calorie intake by several hundred calories per day, putting weight loss on “autopilot” (43).


Eating more protein also tends to favour increased muscle mass. Muscle is metabolically active and burns a small amount of calories around the clock (44). Also, let’s not forget that low-carb and paleo diets, which tend to be high in meat, lead to significantly more weight loss than diets that are lower in meat (4546).


If anything, the more you eat of high quality meat (and less of other foods instead), the easier it should be for you to lose weight.


9. Anything Else?


Are there any other myths about meat that you keep seeing pushed?

Feel free to add to the list in the comments!

Swift Sports at $112,900

22 February 2014 - 06:21 PM





Promotion at Champion Motors

Hotline: 6631 1118

Swift Sport from $112,900.

Check out the Suzuki Swift Sport with Low Monthly Instalment scheme which starts from $585 a month.

- Guaranteed COE.
- 5 years unlimited mileage warranty.
- 3 years free servicing.
Call us at 6631 1988 or visit 2 Pandan Crescent Singapore 128462 to find out more!

T&C applies.

Sounds like a good buy to me. Closest competitor is Mazda 2 which is $120K+.

Your opinion?