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SGMCF328

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About SGMCF328

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  1. $7mil for 7000 affected food delivery person at $1K each to upgrade to power assisted bicycle, or $600 each if they opt to purchase normal bicycle? Why not use the money to enroll those affected person for some useful courses that could earn them a better pay? Skillfuture credit, career switch programs or something like that? Or as some have shared in Facebook and Whatapps, just need to pay $100 each to get a diploma from UCL and they can be employed by JP Morgan at $66k a month! 🤣🤣
  2. SGMCF328

    What Did You Makan Today PT 6

    Char Kway tiao at Upper Serangoon.
  3. I thought driver will get more stressful when behind the wheel? Why is it the reverse for rats? If rats can be trained to perfect their driving skills, will we have them as grab drivers one day? https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-50167812 Learning to drive small cars helps rats feel less stressed, scientists found. Researchers at the University of Richmond in the US taught a group of 17 rats how to drive little plastic cars, in exchange for bits of cereal. Study lead Dr Kelly Lambert said the rats felt more relaxed during the task, a finding that could help with the development of non-pharmaceutical treatments for mental illness. The rats were not required to take a driving test at the end of the study. How did the rats learn to drive? Dr Lambert and her colleagues built a tiny electric car by attaching a clear plastic jar to an aluminium plate, fitted to a set of wheels. To drive the car, a rat would sit on the aluminium plate and touch the copper wire. The circuit was then complete, and the animal could select the direction in which they wanted to travel. After months of training, the rats learned not only how to make the ratmobile move but also how to change direction, researchers wrote in the journal Behavioural Brain Research. What did they find? Some of the rats in the experiment had been raised in a lab, while others lived in "enriched environments" - that is, they had more natural habitats. The rats raised in "enriched environments" were significantly better drivers than the lab rats. After the trials, researchers collected the rats' faeces to test for the stress hormone corticosterone, as well as for dehydroepiandrosterone, an anti-stress hormone. All of the rats had higher levels of dehydroepiandrosterone, which the scientists believe could be linked to the satisfaction of having learned a new skill. Dr Lambert told AFP news agency that the findings could prove useful for future research into treatments for different psychiatric conditions. "There's no cure for schizophrenia or depression, and we need to catch up," she said. "I think we need to look at different animal models and different types of tasks and really respect that behaviour can change our neurochemistry."
  4. A little about my OCD. After getting scolded by my manager when I first stared working for missing out details in my email, I started spending excessive time to run through word by word all document I have prepared, and even "admiring" my work, before having it sent. I try to change it but no improvement so far.
  5. So sad. The mum of the 65 year old victim has passed on. May she reunited with her daugther in a better place.
  6. SGMCF328

    What Did You Makan Today PT 6

    Dry you mian for dinner. Only after a few mouth then I realized the stall helper did not add chili sauce. 😐
  7. Informative article on OCD. I always thought OCD refers to those who like to keep things clean and tidy, but there are so much more to it. I guess I am one of them too. https://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/ocd-nation-children-as-young-as-eight-have-been-diagnosed Helplines Mental Health Helpline Tel: 6389-2222 Singapore Association of Mental Health Helpline Tel: 1800-283-7019 TOUCHline (Counselling) Tel: 1800-377-2252 SINGAPORE - Two years ago, when Vera was in her first year of junior college, she had problems taking notes. She would rewrite them repeatedly to ensure that her handwriting was neat and "perfect", using copious amounts of correction tape. She sometimes stayed up till 2am, tearing up sheets of notes that did not meet her expectations. She found it embarrassing to study in groups as it hindered her rewriting obsession, which she wanted to keep to herself. Now a 19-year-old university student, she says: "I was always looking at my handwriting, but I was not absorbing the information. I felt very tired doing my homework because it took so long." "I didn't seek help immediately because the stereotype of OCD behaviour is handwashing. I was doubtful whether mine was an OCD symptom," says Vera, who declined to give her full name. She sought professional help in her second year of junior college and has since learnt to manage her condition. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) features obsessive and unreasonable thoughts and fears, and compulsive, repetitive behaviours. In Singapore, which has a higher prevalence of OCD than global norms, children as young as eight have been diagnosed with the mental disorder. DIFFICULT TO DIAGNOSE Despite warning signs, the condition is not easy to diagnose in children and youth as they are less able to verbalise what they are going through. Ms Haanusia Prithivi Raj, a senior clinical psychologist at the Institute of Mental Health (IMH), says OCD is usually triggered by an obsession that incites anxiety or discomfort, prompting the sufferer to engage in repetitive actions to alleviate the uncomfortable feelings. Common obsessions include those revolving around "order or symmetry"; religious anxiety with excessive fears of offending a higher being; or worries about contamination and falling ill. Dr Adrian Loh, a visiting consultant at IMH's department of developmental psychiatry, says the national prevalence for OCD is 4 per cent of the population, higher than global figures of 2 to 3 per cent. From 2014 to last year, IMH's Child Guidance Clinics saw an average of about 130 children and adolescents with OCD annually. Figures have remained consistent, with about 50 new cases each year, according to IMH. Dr Loh says OCD can develop from the pre-school years through to adulthood, but there are two peak ages where OCD is more likely to appear. These are "the upper primary school years, just before puberty; and the late teen years, the transition from junior college and polytechnic to university or a corporate environment". The onset of OCD, like other psychiatric conditions, can be triggered by "excessive stress", such as the stress experienced during key transition years, says Dr Loh. Although OCD is the third-most prevalent mental disorder in Singapore - after major depressive disorder in first place and alcohol abuse in second - the condition can be difficult to diagnose. Dr Loh says: "What makes OCD different in children is that they frequently lack insight and awareness into the abnormal nature of their symptoms, and may be more unwilling to seek help or accept the problem. "In some cases, all they can explain is that something just 'feels right', leading to parental frustration." "Some sufferers who are unable to obtain relief from overwhelming anxiety (by engaging in rituals) may end up having rage attacks that can be misunderstood as misconduct. This can lead to disciplinary measures instead of taking the child to seek professional help," Dr Loh says. EVERYTHING HAD TO BE PERFECT At age 15, Mr Wayne Kee was taking part in the National Physical Fitness Award Scheme (Napfa) test in school when he landed "wrong" after doing the standing broad jump. He complained that his neck felt stiff, but all scans and physical checks showed nothing was wrong. After psychological tests, he was diagnosed with OCD and started receiving therapy. His mother, Ms Evelyn Chng, said: "The initial difficulty was that we couldn't see physical rituals (associated with OCD). We only knew he was anxious but we couldn't understand why, because he couldn't relate what was wrong with him." "Neither could he verbalise his thoughts to his psychologist," says Ms Chng, 49, who is married to a 51-year-old financial consultant. They also have a 20-year-old daughter. Ms Chng recalls a profound indecisiveness in her son at that time. "He would call me and ask what he should eat at the school canteen. I had to reassure him that eating caifan (economy rice) or yong tau foo was the right decision," says the counsellor with Caregivers Alliance Limited. But "the monster in his head", as she describes it, surfaced in full force a couple of years later, when he started opening and closing the fridge door, in addition to other hours-long rituals. By age 17, OCD had taken over his life and he had to drop out of polytechnic. Mr Kee, now 23, recalls: "I had mental rituals and a certain way of doing things which I thought was right, but it was OCD. "I had the feeling that something would go wrong. It's like acting, every scene must be exact. If not, my life is not recorded properly and I would have to re-edit the scene and ask people to redo it." TOLL ON THE FAMILY Family meals were agonising, his mother recalls, because everything had to be put in its exact place. A dish of fish had to be passed to and fro, in the same direction. Dragging Mr Kee away from performing his rituals would result in screaming or he would find a way to return later to complete his rituals. The police were called in by neighbours several times when arguments got heated between Mr Kee and his father. Ms Chng was caught in the middle. Sometimes, when Mr Kee engaged in rituals such as opening and closing the fridge door for hours, he got tired and asked his mother to do it for him. His relationship with his sister deteriorated too. "It was crazy. There was shouting and screaming, fights between him and his dad and quarrels between me and my husband," says Ms Chng, who suffered two mental breakdowns. Things got better in 2015 when Ms Chng, then working in retail, and her husband went for a workshop on OCD and started attending classes at Caregivers Alliance which they had come across at IMH. Three years ago, she started working at Caregivers Alliance. She learnt to be a caregiver for a person with mental illness and engaged Mr Kee in chores that he enjoyed, such as cutting and preparing vegetables with precision. Mr Kee, too, felt the need for a change and started to commit to his treatment at IMH, which he previously felt was a waste of time and money. This involved Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) therapy. In ERP, the person with OCD is exposed to the source of his fear, without acting out any compulsions to ease the fear. Mr Kee says: "I decided I wanted to start afresh. I had just turned 21 and I wanted things to improve." Today, his condition is under control and he works as a peer support specialist at IMH, where he helps and supports clients with OCD. He says he wants to talk about his experiences to combat the stigma associated with the illness. "At the start, I was afraid. But I wanted to stand up because no one else would," he says. COMMON OBSESSIONS IN OCD Here are some common obsessions in OCD, according to Ms Haanusia Prithivi Raj, senior clinical psychologist, department of developmental psychiatry, IMH. • Fear of contamination, such as of places deemed "dirty"; or fear of contagious diseases like Ebola or H1N1 • Intrusive aggressive thoughts, such as the fear of being harmed or of harming family or friends • Intrusive, sexually explicit or violent thoughts or images • Fear of losing important things • Discomfort if things are not symmetrical or evenly numbered • Needing to tell or confess everything Watch our for these common compulsions, which are repetitive actions to reduce anxiety: • Excessive washing of one's hands, body or important items like wallets • Checking doors, locks, phones, bags • Mental rituals such as the repetition of prayers to negate intrusive negative thoughts • Avoiding possible OCD triggers, such as avoiding throwing things into the dustbin, suggesting the child might have intrusive thoughts about dirt • Seeking reassurance by repeatedly asking seemingly mundane questions that the child is worried about • Counting, tapping, repeating certain actions such as rewriting or re-reading, or doing other senseless things to reduce anxiety
  8. SGMCF328

    2020 Hyundai Grandeur / Azera

    I sat in the Azera taxi in Singapore before. Really quite good, better than Sonata, i40, Epica, Latitude (or was it Fluence). The interior is very spacious for sure. Too bad my pocket not deep enough for a car even.😥
  9. SGMCF328

    Horse therapy gaining traction in Singapore

    I don't know to laugh or cry...😅
  10. SGMCF328

    What Did You Makan Today PT 6

    Vegetarian 生面 at IMM foodcourt.
  11. SGMCF328

    2020 Hyundai Grandeur / Azera

    Is this the same model? Look very upmarket if this is the actual model.
  12. https://www.carscoops.com/2019/10/woman-hits-red-light-runner-and-saves-pedestrians-from-alleged-drunk-driver/ The Phoenix Police Department is calling a Chevrolet Cruze a “hero” as it protected a couple from an accident. According to officials, a 27-year-old woman was driving the Cruze at the intersection of 53rd Ave and Indian School on October 14th at approximately 10:10 pm. As you can see in the video, traffic is stopped at a red light and the couple begins crossing the street while pushing a stroller. About six seconds into the clip, a Jeep driven by Ernesto Otanez Oveso blows through the light and is headed straight for the pedestrians. Fortunately, the Cruze slammed into the Jeep. The force of the impact pushed the Jeep off to the side and caused the woman’s Cruze to go into a spin. Thankfully, the crash saved the pedestrians and they can be seen running across the street. While the clip ends there, the police department said Oveso and his female passenger fled the scene. However, a witness saw what happened and decided to follow him. Oveso eventually noticed and told the man to stop, “even stabbing one of the doors on his car.” The woman got away, but police caught up with Oveso who was arrested on aggravated assault and DUI charges. Police also found a gun in the Jeep, so they slapped the 28-year-old with a prohibited possession charge as well. Unfortunately, the story doesn’t have a happy ending as police confirmed the Cruze driver suffered non life-threatening injuries. Her car was also significantly damaged.
  13. SGMCF328

    What Did You Makan Today PT 6

    Fishball kueh tiao for dinner.
  14. SGMCF328

    Horse therapy gaining traction in Singapore

    The more I read up, the more it look like a paid advertisement. https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/health/healing-horses Healing horses Horses can help calm the elderly, said centre manager of senior daycare centre Hovi Club Horsecity Gelena Anandarajah. "Looking into the eyes of the horse and listening to the repetitive rhythm of their hooves as they walk helps to calm the elderly, especially when they get agitated," she added. "The interaction with any animal is also often non-judgmental towards a person with disability, so it helps to build self-esteem and positivity." INCREASING DEMAND FOR HORSE THERAPY Equal-Ark has grown from serving about 500 beneficiaries in 2015, when it was established as a charity, to its current 1,500 beneficiaries. Starting out with a Youth Programme that helps children and young adults develop socio-emotional skills, the charity piloted the Elderly Programme in 2017, which has helped 350 seniors aged 65 and older staying in nursing homes or receiving community care. "A lot of the elderly have complicated relationships with the people in their lives, whereas an animal is like a blank canvas," said its chief executive Ng Tze Yong. "You can project a lot of things onto the animal, so it's easier for people to open up." In April this year, Equal-Ark added a Family Programme for families with members who have special needs and it plans to expand the programme to help more beneficiaries within the year. At private operator Theris, the number of private therapy sessions it conducts a week has risen to about 30, up from 10 in 2016 when it opened, said Ms Ihrcke. Its clients - more than 100 in total since 2016 - are mostly children and young adults who have special needs, including autism, attention deficit disorders, emotional and behavioural difficulties and mental-health issues. "A horse might respond to a child who approaches it and behaves in an aggressive manner by becoming tense and moving away. "However, when the child learns to regulate his feelings and change his behaviour, the horse responds differently as well," said Ms Ihrcke. "We can then use this as a learning opportunity to explore how this parallels his social interaction with others and how he can transfer the skills learnt in our sessions to his life." Social enterprise Healing Horses Singapore caters to people of all ages - from children with special needs to senior citizens with anxiety and depression. It has 30 regular clients and gets monthly visits from schools, with between 20 and 80 students each time, said programme director and coach Chithra Rogers. This is an increase of about 60 per cent from when Healing Horses opened in 2014, she added. IS EQUINE-ASSISTED THERAPY EFFECTIVE? While horse therapy is established in mainly Western countries including the United States, Germany and the Netherlands, the evidence of its effectiveness remains inconclusive or limited by the small sample size. Ms Ihrcke said it is difficult to adhere to clinical guidelines when many variables cannot be controlled. For example, the therapy has to be conducted outdoors instead of a controlled indoor environment, which can also affect the horses' behaviour and how they interact with people. In Singapore, where research on the topic is scarce, a 2017 study found that a three-month equine-assisted learning programme at a pre-vocational school improved the students' character-building skills, which were associated with higher academic grades at the end of the semester. Thirteen-year-old Lau En Cheng, who has mild intellectual disability, and his parents would vouch for these results. The Year 1 student at NorthLight School first interacted with horses nine months ago during Equal-Ark's Youth Programme at his school. After overcoming his fear of horses, En Cheng has become an avid fan and now goes for either riding lessons at Gallop Stable or therapy sessions at Theris every week. "He's become more confident and reflective," said his father Lau Hui Cheng, 47, a teacher. "He can get upset easily, but the therapy at Theris has made him more sensitive to other people's thoughts. Riding therapist Ameerah will link the horses' behaviour, for example, if they're distracted, to his friends' behaviour to help him relate better." En Cheng said he finds it easier to talk to horses than people. "Horses make me feel happy. You must understand their body language," he added. While it is expensive to care for a horse - between $1,000 and $2,500 a month - equine therapy charges are comparable to a regular physiotherapy session. A 45-minute private lesson at Theris costs between $150 and $180, with subsidised lessons for those in the lower-income group. Healing Horses' lessons start at $80 for a 30-or 45-minute session, with the cost depending on the child's needs, said Ms Rogers. Subsidised rates are offered to lower-income families, while free lessons are given to selected single mothers with special-needs children. For Equal-Ark's Elderly Programme, a one-to two-hour session costs $90 a senior and is covered through donations and fees paid by the nursing home. HORSES GET HELPED TOO Although the horses are helping people, their welfare is far from forgotten. Being roped into therapy often saves many of these horses from being put down early, after they have been retired from polo, racing or showjumping competitions. Equal-Ark's horses stay on at its premises until they die of old age or succumb to illnesses. Ms Ihrcke has a retirement plan for Theris' two horses - 14-year-old Smartie, a former dressage and showjumping competition horse, and 19-year-old D'Artagnan, which also previously competed in dressage. Like all cushy retirement plans, it will not come cheap - a flat fee of between $10,000 and $30,000, and a monthly maintenance fee of between $700 and $1,200. "When Smartie and D'Artagnan get too old, they will go either to Germany, Austria or Malaysia, where they will live in the paddock, eat grass all day and get fat," said Ms Ihrcke with a laugh.
  15. This is the first time I hear about horse therapy and still wondering how it work. https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/health/horse-therapy-is-gaining-traction-in-singapore SINGAPORE - The weather on this September afternoon is hazy and humid, but it does nothing to dampen the spirits of the 10 nursing home residents - some of whom are in wheelchairs - who are eagerly waiting to walk with and groom two gentle beasts. Argentinian former polo ponies Costera and Valentina are the stars of this session by charity Equal-Ark Singapore, whose Elderly Programme has used equine therapy to help improve the emotional well-being of hundreds of seniors with dementia or depression. Working with the animals is a novelty for long-time St Theresa's Home resident Bertha Hang, 74. "I'm very happy with the horses - I can go round with them; touch them," she said as she deftly slotted a body brush onto her amputated right arm to groom Valentina. Ms Hang, who had lost parts of her four limbs to gangrene in 2003, had become downbeat after she was hospitalised for sepsis - a life-threatening illness as a result of the body's extreme response to an infection - last year. Grooming the horses is a role reversal and an empowering activity for Ms Hang, who, like other nursing home residents, are usually the care recipients. While the use of dogs and cats in animal-assisted therapy is more common here, equine therapy has been gaining some traction in land-scarce Singapore. Organisations such as Equal-Ark, Therapeutic and Educational Riding in Singapore (Theris), Healing Horses Singapore and Hovi Club Horsecity have been growing their clientele and expanding their programmes over the last few years. The goal of equine therapy is to help people develop necessary skills and attributes, through their interaction with the horses. It includes therapeutic horseback riding, where riding lessons are adapted to the person's disability and needs, and hippotherapy, which uses equine movement to engage the sensory, neuromotor and cognitive systems. "Being prey animals - as compared to dogs, cats and even humans, who are predators - horses are incredibly sensitive to their environment, and are able to perceive and respond to the smallest of changes, including our tone of voice, body language, behaviours, emotions and even our biochemistry," said Theris' founder and managing director Jessamine A. Ihrcke. "They also provide immediate feedback in response to these aspects, which creates an opportunity for people to reflect on or be more aware of their behaviours and emotions, and adjust themselves accordingly in order to build a relationship with the horse," she added.
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